Einang stone

Einang Stone

The Runic alphabets are a set of related alphabets using letters (known as runes) formerly used to write Germanic languages before and shortly after the Christianization of Scandinavia and the British Isles. The Scandinavian variants are also known as Futhark or fupark, derived from their six letters: F,U,P,A.R, and K) the Anglo-Saxon variant as Futhorc (due to sound changes undergone in Old English by the same six letters).

What Makes the Einang Stone so special?
Dating back to around 300AD, the Einang Stone is the oldest runic stone in north-western Europe still standing on its original site.
Runes came into use 2000 years ago. The youngest runes remained in use until around 1400 AD. The runes on the Einang Stone are from the
oldest runic alphabet.
Pic_0412 The inscription written from the right to the left reads:
Ek godagastir runo faihido
I Godguest wrote the runes
It is 1700 years since Godguest carved these runes on the Einang Stone?
Where had he learned to write? Perhaps on a journey or a raid to southern Europe. The Roman sword stamped with the smith’s mark and name ended up on the Gardberg site at the same time. Perhaps in this way the written word arrived in our part of the world. A people wealthy both culturally and materially lived here. What became their fate? Six hundred years later around 950 AD Harold Fairhair’s youngest son Haakon the Good introduced another means of communication in Norway. Beacons were set aflame to warn of war. The best known 61marit beacon in Valdres Olberg, is strategically placed and visible on the side of lake Slidrefjorden opposite the Gardberg site.
What is Gardberg site? People have been farming and raising livestock here for 4.500 years. Covering more than 2 square kilometres, the Gardberg site in Vestre Slidre in Valdres is of great archeological variety. It may well contain a thousand burial mounds. However, only 550 have been investigated. The more than 900 finds date vack to e period stretching from the Roman Iron Age up towards the Viking Age (ca 800 AD). The area bears traces of the considerable iron production that took place in Valdres before, during and after the Viking Era.  In one part of the site there is also a stone, which may have been used for sacifices, containing 70 saucer-like hollows, believed to date back to the Bronze Age. Close to the stone are the sites of houses from the 17th century.
The Einang Stone is in an enormous burial ground together with many other remains of field cultivation and livestock raising ranging from the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, the Roman Iron Age, the Viking Era right up to the present day
The runes were used both for magical purposes and for writing – Who was this knowledgeable Godguest? Did he and his contemporaries trade with the Romans? Was he in charge of local iron production? Valdres iron was renowned for its high quality and was exported from the region and even sent abroad. Or did he with other Germanic tribes fight against the Roman Empire?

62marit Het runenschrift (kortweg runen) of futhark is het oudst bekende schrift dat in Germaanse landen werd gebruikt: het bestaat uit letters samengesteld uit meestal rechte en hoekige lijnen die gemakkelijk in steen of hout kunnen worden gekrast. Bij gebruik op metaal werden ook wel ronde vormen gebruikt.
De einang steen is de oudste runic steen in het Noord-westen van Europa en is nog steeds permanent op zijn oorspronkelijke locatie, sinds het gebruik 2000 jaar geleden.
De runes op de einang steen zijn uit het oudste runic alfabet.
Het opschrift luidt: Ik Godquest schreef de runes
De stenen zijn vaak gemaakt door de Vikingen en dienden vooral ter nagedachtenis aan gestorvenen. Verreweg de meeste stenen met runeninscriptie zijn gevonden in Zweden, namelijk zo’n 2500. Daarnaast bevinden zich ook stenen in  Noorwegen, Denemarken en IJsland. Veel stenen die tegenwoordig bekend zijn, bevatten het christelijke kruis en runen uit het jonge futhark. Een aantal oudere stenen daarentegen, bevatten delen van de Noordse mythologie en zijn gekerfd in het oude futhark. Helaas zijn vele van deze oude stenen vernietigd tijdens de kerstening van Scandinavië, de stenen die scènes bevatten uit de Noordse mythologie werden als heidens beschouwd.
De Gardberg locatie in Valdres is van grote archeologische betekenis.
Categorieën: Einang stone, Landen, Noorwegen | Tags: , , | 1 reactie

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